Recommended Reading

The following list of reading material includes links to online reports, documents, and titles of books, all of which have been posted here at the suggestion of members of and advisors to the Genetically Engineered Advisory Committee.


These items have not been vetted by the committee and are posted here solely as a means to simplify access to a wide range of sources and information.


"Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food", March, 2008, Ronald and Adamchak, Oxford University Press (submitted by M. Hooper, 05/18/09)

Starved for Science: How Biotechnology is Being Kept Out of Africa, Robert Paarlberg, Harvard University Press, 2008 (submitted by M. Hooper, 05/11/09)

"Food Fray: Inside the Controversy over Genetically Modified Food," Lisa H. Weasel, December 10,2008 (submitted by L. Crail, 3/26/09)

Stuffed and Starved by Raj Patel (submitted by E. Weiss)

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Demographics & Statistics

"GM Crops and Pesticide Use", Feb. 2009, Center for Food Safety (submitted by J. Saccato 05/03/09, posted 06/01/09)

"Contamination Episodes with Genetically Engineered Crops", August 2006, The Center for Food Safety (submitted by J. Saccato, 05/02/09, posted 06/01/09)

"Genetically Engineered Crops and Pesticide Use in the United States: The First Nine Years", Octover 2004, Charles M. Benbrook Consulting Services, BioTech InfoNet Technical Paper No. 7 (submitted by J. Saccato 05/02/08, posted 06/01/09)

"Biotech Crops Poised for Second Wave of Growth; Political Will Strengthens Globally," ISAAA Brief 39-2008(submitted by M. Hooper)

Latest USDA Ag Census (submitted by G. Giusti)


Cost and Return Studies for Fruit, Vegetable, Field, Tree and Vine Crops, and Animal Commodities, available by California Commodity, Region, and County, developed and regularly updated by Agriculture & Resource Economics, UC Davis (submitted by M. Hooper, 04/01/09)

How Other Areas Are Handling the G.E. Issue

AB 541 - Liability Clarification from County Counsel Anita Grant (submitted by J. Saccato, 07/15/09)

"Agricultural Biotechnology in Latin America", May 2009, Zepeda, Falconi and others, International Food Policy Research Institute Discussion Paper No. 860 (submitted M. Hooper, 06/01/09)

"Mexico OKs GM Corn", 2009, Veronica Guerrero, Nature Biotechnology 27, 404 (submitted by M. Hooper, 06/01/09)

The End of Zero-Risk Regulation of GM Crops in Europe, The Battle of Co-existence Rules, Current-Undated, Justo Corti-Varela, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, (submitted by B. Zoller, 05/28/09)

Consultation on Proposals for Managing the Coexistence of GM, Conventional and Organic Crops, July 2006, Department of Environmental Food and Rural Affairs, UK (submitted by B. Zoller, 05/28/09)

San Luis Obispo Genetically Engineered Crops Report, Discussion and Appendices
, (submitted by M. Scully, 03/25/09)

"NASDA Letter to USDA concerning Organic Agriculture and Biotechnological Agricultural Methods"
, December 21, 2004, (submitted by M. Hooper, 03/24/09) Counties' Legislation Report
 (submitted by J. Saccato 03/16/09)

"Supervisors decide to leave food guidelines to farmers,"
(submitted by C. March)

Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2005, ISAAA Brief
(submitted by C. March)

State-by-State Analysis: Biotechnology-Derived Crops Planted in 2004 - Impacts on U.S. Agriculture, National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy
(submitted by C. March)

"Current GM foods can bring benefits but safety assessments must continue; 'Genetic divide' must be avoided through better social, cultural evaluations," World Health Organization
(submitted by C. March)

"Genetic Engineering (GE)," A Report from the GE Subcommittee of the Public Health Commission. Santa Cruz County Health Services Agency (submitted by J. Saccato)

"GMO-Free Marin's Impact Goes Beyond County," GMO-Free Marin (submitted by L. Heine)

California Assembly Bill 541 (submitted by E. Weiss)

"Biotech Activity in California", updated June 2006. California Healthy Foods Coalition, (submitted by C. March)

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Impacts, Effects

"Environmental Costs and Benefits of Genetically Modified Crops", November 2000, Ando and Khanna, American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 44 No. 3 (submitted by J. Saccato with highlights added 05/02/09, posted 06/01/09)

"Safety Testing and Regulation of Genetically Engineered Foods", November 2004, Freese and Schubert, excerpt from Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews, Vol. 21 (submitted by J. Saccato 05/02/09, posted 06/01/09

Bacillus Thuringiensis (Bt) Toxin Released from Root Exudates and Biomass of Bt Corn Has No Apparent Effect on Earthworms, Nematodes, Protozoa, Bacteria and Fungi in Soil, January 2001, Saxena and Stotzky, Soil Biology & Biochemistry 33 (2001) 1225-1230 (submitted by B. Zoller, 05/28/09)

"Impact of Insecticidal Proteins Expressed in Transgenic Plants on Bumblebee Microcolonies," Astract by Babendreier, Reichhart, Romeis, Bigler, 2007 (submitted by J. Saccato, 04/21/09) (posted 05/11/09)

"Quantification of the Impacts on US Agriculture of Biotechnology-Derived Crops Planted in 2006," National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy, February 2008 (submitted by M. Hooper, 3/26/09)

"Global Impact of Biotech Crops: Socio-Economic and Environmental Effects, 1996-2006" Graham Brookes and Peter Barfoot, PG Economics Ltd., Dorchester, UK (submitted by B. Zoller)

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Miscellaneous Items of Interest

The International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development, April 2008 (submitted by L. Crail, 07/20/09)
Jackson Family Bulk Wine Purchase Form (submitted by S. Devoto 03/16/09)

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Perspective, Commentary

Modified Crops Reveal Hidden Cost of Resistance, 12/2009, Science Daily (submitted by J. Saccato 12/26/09)

Do See Companies Control GM Crop Research? The Editors, August 2009, Scientific America (submitted by L. Crail 12/21/09) 

Court Rejects Genetically Modified Sugar Beets, September 2009, Egelko, SFGATE, (Submitted by J. Saccato, 9/25/09)

Environmental, Energetic and Economic Comparisons of Organic and Conventional Farming Systems, 2005, Pimentel, Hepperly, Seidel, Hanson & Douds, Bioscience, 55(7), 573-582, doi: Article  (submitted by J. Saccato, 07/15/09)

"Corporate Monopoly of Science", April 2009, Saunders - Daily News (submitted by J. Saccato 05/03/09, posted 06/01/09)

"Regulating Transgenic Crops", Jan-Feb. 2007, Freese - (submitted by J. Saccato 05/02/09, posted 06/01/09)

"Herbicide Used in Argentina Could Cause Birth Defects", 2009, Latin American Herald Tribune (submitted by S. Devoto, 06/01/09)

Parrot Response to UCS "Failure to Yield," 2009, Dr. Wayne Parrott, Department of Crop & Soil Sciences, University of Georgia (submitted by M. Scully, 06/01/09)

"More Crop for the Drop", April, 2009, Henry I. Miller, Stanford University's Hoover Institution, L.A. Times Commentary (submitted by M. Fulton, 05/18/09)

"Corporate Monopoly of Science", April 2009, Saunders - Daily News (submitted by J. Saccato, 05/03/09) (posted 05/11/09)

"Regulating Transgenic Crops", Jan-Feb 2007, Freese - (submitted  by J. Saccato, 05/02/09) (posted 05/11/09)

"The Myth of Coexistence: Why Transgenic Crops Are Not Compatible with Agroecologically Based Systems of Production," Miguel A. Altieri, Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, August 2005, (submitted by L. Crail, 3/23/09)

"Clarification on AB 541" Lars Crail (submitted by L. Crail, 03/18/09)

Fact File on GM Crops (Feb 2009 worldwide percentages of GM vs non-GM crops), GM Watch (submitted by D. Baumann, 03/16/09)

"Who benefits from GM crops? Feeding the biotech giants, not the world's poor," Friends of the Earth International, February 2009, Issue 116 Summary (submitted by D. Baumann, 03/16/09)

Center for Food Safety, comments on the USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's Proposed Rules for the Importation, Interstate Movement, and Release into the Environment of Certain Genetically Engineered Organisms (submitted by V. Brandon, 03/16/09)

"Crop Scientists Say Biotechnology Seed Companies are Thwarting Research" New York Times, 02-02-2009 (submitted by D. Baumann 03/16/09)

"Peaceful Coexistence Among Growers of Genetically Engineered, Conventional, and Organic Crops," Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology, 2006 (submitted by M. Scully; 03/12/09)

"Lists of Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering," David Heaf, April 27, 2001. International Forum for Genetic Engineering (submitted by J. Saccato)

"USDA APHIS rule regulating genetically engineered organisms" M. Mellon, PhD, et al. 2008. Union of Concerned Scientists (submitted by J. Saccato)

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Science & Technology

A Comparison of the Effects of Three GM Corn Varieties on Mammalian Health, Vendomois, Roullier, Cellier, Gilles-Eric Seralini, 2009, Int J Sci (submitted by L. Crail 12/21/09)

How agricultural research systems shape a technological regime that develops genetic engineering but locks out agroecological innovations, Research Policy 38, 2009, Vanloqueren & Baret, Earth and Life Institute, Belgium (submitted by L. Crail 07/29/09)

Sustainability of U.S. Soybean Production: Conventional, Transgenic, and Organic Production Systems, 2009 CAST Report (submitted by B. Zoller, 07/20/09)

GM Food and the Demis of the Precautionary Principle, May 2004, Steven M. Drucker, Alliance for Bio-Integrity (submitted by L. Lyn-Franklin 06/24/09)

Resistance Marker Gene, Undated, James H. Maryanski, Ph.D., CFSAN Biotechnology Coordinator (submitted by S. Lyn-Franklin 06/24/09)

Toxicology Report of GE Food Plants, October 1991, Edwin J. Matthews, Ph.D. (submitted by S. Lyn-Franklin 06/24/09)

Concerns Raised by JoAnn Saccato in a February 2009 email, Response by Peggy G. Lemaux, May 2009 (submitted by J. Saccato 06/15/09)

"Glyphosate Formulations Induce Apoptosis and Necrosis in Human Umbilical Embryonic and Placental Cells", 2008, Benachour and Seralini, University of Caen (submitted by S. Devoto, 05/27/09)

"Genetically Engineered Plants and Foods: A Scientist's Analysis of the Issues", Part II, 2009, Peggy Lamaux, Annual Review of Plant Biology (submitted by M. Hooper, 06/01/09)

"Genetically Engineered Plants and Foods: A Scientist's Analysis of the Issues", Part I, 2008, Peggy Lamaux, Annual Review of Plant Biology (submitted by M. Hooper, 06/01/09)

"When Crop Transgenes Wander in California, Should We Worry?" Ellstrand, Norman. California Agriculture. 2006. Volume 60, #3. (submitted by S. Devoto, 04/15/09)

Monsanto U.S. Ag Products Stewardship - Technology Use Guide 2009 with Supplements (6MB pdf) (submitted by M. Hooper, 04/15/09)

"Dupont Bioethics Guiding Principles Report," 2007 (submitted by M. Hooper, 03/31/09)

"Contamination Episodes with Genetically Engineered Crops," The Center for Food Safety, August 2006 (submitted by L. Crail, 03/24/09)

"Glyphosate resistance becoming more of a problem" Ag Alert, March 12, 2008 (submitted by S. Hoyt, 03/12/09)

"Preserving glyphosate efficacy vital to San Joaquin Valley growers," Western Farm Press, February 19, 2009 (submitted by S. Hoyt, 03/12/09)

"Trap Crops Show Potential to Reduce Pest Damage, Save Time and Energy in Organic Strawberry Production," The Cultivar, CASFS, Spring/Summer 2004 (submitted by S. Hoyt, 03/12/09)

"Good Egg Farm," Sunset, March 2009 (submitted by S. Hoyt, 03/12/09)

"100 Years of Breeding," UC Davis Plant Breeding Program, Allen Van Daynze, editor (submitted by R. Elkins; 03/12/09)

"Implications of Gene Flow in the Scale-up and Commercial Use of Biotechnology-derived Crops: Economic and Policy Considerations" CAST Issue Paper No. 37 (submitted by B. Zoller)

"Gene Flow in Alfalfa, Biology, Mitigation, and Potential Impact on Production" CAST Special Publication (submitted by B. Zoller)

"Walnut Improvement Program" Grant Proposal, University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences (submitted by B. Zoller)

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Social, Ethical and Health

"Genetically modified crops: the ethical and social issues" Nuffield Council on Bioethics. May 1999. (submitted by M. Scully, 04/15/09)

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